Halla Sigga

Grafískur hönnuður FÍT
hallasigga@hallasigga.com
Front page Prototype
Front page Prototype
Skin prototype
Skin prototype
Front page Prototype
Front page Prototype
Page 2 pattern
Page 2 pattern
Page 3 braille text
Page 3 braille text
Page 4 Muscle prototype
Page 4 Muscle prototype
Page 5 - muscle prorotype
Page 5 - muscle prorotype
Page 6 Bones prototype
Page 6 Bones prototype
Pages 6-7 prototype
Pages 6-7 prototype
Page 8 prototype
Page 8 prototype
Page 8 prototype
Page 8 prototype
Back page
Back page
Back page
Back page
Back page feet
Back page feet
Back page
Back page
Back page - Skin
Back page - Skin
Back page - Bones
Back page - Bones
Back page - Bones
Back page - Bones
Back page - Inner intestines
Back page - Inner intestines

DISCOVER THE BODY

The book “Discover the body” is a three dimensional textbook about the body for blind and visually impaired children aged 6 to 8. There is a shortage in teaching material with pictures for the blind.
We all need pictures to explain the
world around us and the blind are
no exception. When I made the decision to make teaching materials for the blind and visually impaired it was clear that
I needed to learn how the blind and visually impaired to see and feel the world. Try to understand the way they interpret imagery and work from there. After reading a lot about the subject, talking to blind children, producers to tactile books, the staff of the National Istitute for the Blind, Visually Impaired and Defblind and scholars in the field.
I saw that I had limited myself in terms of fonts, color schemes and topic.

When it came to finding a way
to make the book. I decided to take
a new approach and print the book
in a and three-dimensional printer. Because in the next few years, the technology will become good enough to print the book in plastic with different densities that will give blind and visually impaired a better picture of the topic. To my knowledge this technology has not been used before for the blind and visually impaired.
Since I’ve never worked in three dimensions before I had to find and study the three-dimensional programs and applications, find out
how I could print the book, what options are available and how plastic material works before I could proceed with the design of the book.

The teaching material is about the human body. Discover the body is designed to make reading fun, informative and with the needs of blind and visually impaired in mind. For example, the plastic material the book is made of, use of colour and the choice of fonts in the book. Both the design of the edges
of the pages, pictures and the pattern in the book is based on the topic of each spread.

The text in the book is based on the textbook Come and view the body by Gunnhildi Oskarsdottir and Ragnheidi Hermannsdottir.

The photographs here above are of the prototype, but below there is a video with the right colors and closer explanation on how the book works.

The book is divided up into a kind of layers of the body, the first is the skin, next the muscle, bone and inner organs.

The way the book works: the child flips to a page, reads the text, gets information about the body and a question / task related to it.
The child lifts up the three-dimensional replica to find the answer the question before it flips on the next page.

The book is 200 x 200 mm. On the back are the replicas (dolls), the back cover is turned to the front before the child can start reading the book.
So that the book will be 200 x 400 mm when it is in front of the child.

On the left page the text is white on a dark background to make it easier for the visually impaired to read the text.
The letters are rased 0.4 mm so the blind have a chance to feel them to.

Headings: Pill Gothic 300 mg, 30 points. Chosen because there is a clear hight difference in the letters, for example between l and m.
Description: Tahoma 14 points and a 23-point line spacing. Chosen because it is the most popular font among visually impaired children in Iceland.

On the right page is the braille text as it is easier for the blind if it is close to the replicas.

The page edges are the profile of each topic for each spread.

Each opening has a big picture of the topic and a theme color, to make it easier for the visually impaired
to link the theme and replica to make it easier for the visually impaired to link these things together.

The patterns on the pages is designed from topic of each page if it were viewed under a microscope.

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